As the ship enters the port of Katapola leaving Cape Fanari with the church of Prophet Elias on the left, we can see in the distance the houses of the villages surrounding the bay. As we sail near Cape Kaparia on the left and Cape Aspes on the right, the villages by the harbour can be clearly seen. On the left, on the northern side of the harbour, you can see Xylokeratidi with the Church of the Three Hierarchs at the entrance of the town, in the centre you will find Rahidi with the church of St. George appearing first, and on the right, you can see Katapola a town of 485 inhabitants, where the central pier is found. The view from the three villages surrounding the bay, the vast plains in the distance, the mountain Moudoulia or Minoa in the southern part of the harbour, over Katapola, the hill with the old stone mill on the northern edge of the bay, over Xylokeratidi, the church of St. Panteleimon on the left and on the right St. Ioannis, of St. Anargyron and the Virgin Mary, altogether compose a magnificent landscape that exists on no other island of Cyclades.
The length of the harbour from Cape Fanari until Petalo tis Ammou is approximately one nautical mile (1852m.) and is the best natural harbour in the Cyclades, where, when there is a storm, all ships that are in the NE Aegean come here to moor. Historians say that maybe this is the cause of the great cultural development that starts from the Bronze Age, as can be seen by the research of archaeologist-professor at the University of Ioannina, Lila Maragou, but also from the writings of old historians. During the Turkish rule, the port of Katapola was a base for pirates, from where they began their raids, and for this reason it didn’t have dense and permanent dwelling, apart from in Hora, where there was a castle, Arkesini, also with a castle and the villages Aegiali, outside the Bay.
When in 1830 the Greek State got organised, a movement in which Amorgos was also involved, and managed to drive the pirates out of the Aegean, Katapola began to slowly become inhabited, firstly by captains and slowly by entrepreneurs who opened shops, built hotels, resulting in a development in tourism that rapidly continues even today.
Katapola was the base for the captains of Amorgos, who, by the late 18th century until 1950 or so, largely developed shipping byhaving 40 cargo boats with sails at first and then with motors. They used these to bring products into the ports of Greece and Asia Minor. A typical phenomenon of that era was the advent of the captains and sailors to celebrate Easter with their families, at which time the harbour was filled with their boats and was a beautiful sight for visitors of Amorgos.